Discover all you need to know about Cinnamon. How it is made, the varieties, origins, color, shape, aroma, taste, properties, forms, powder, oil and sticks and more.
Ceylon Cinnamon sticks are soft, crumbly and rolled like cigar with layers of soft Cinnamon bark. All other Cinnamon types like the Cassia Cinnamon and tend to be hard and have only one rolled layer. Notice the color difference. Ceylon Cinnamon is lighter in color while other Cinnamon types tend to be darker in color.
FORMS OF CINNAMON
Cinnamon is a tropical evergreen tree whose parts, either the bark or the leaf is used for a variety of purposes. The parts of the tree is broken down into many parts as follows
Cinnamon chips (like wood chips) made from the bark of the tree
Bark from the tree trunk rolled into sticks that are between 2-6 inches long
The Cinnamon bark from the tree trunk ground into Cinnamon powder.
The Cinnamon leaves from the tree steam distilled into an oil
The Cinnamon bark steam from the tree trunk distilled into an oil
HOW IS CINNAMON USED
Powder - The most common way cinnamon is used as Cinnamon powder for baking pastries, sprinkled on coffee or tea and just mixed with honey and eaten direct.
Sticks - However because Cinnamon powder goes stale quickly many people buy the cinnamon stick and use it whole in cooking, especially Asian curries. Many fine chefs will grind it into a powder for making fine desserts. However if you buy cinnamon powder that is packed in a sunlight and moisture proof package it will be much fresher than the powder sold in those glass containers found on supermarket shelves.
Oil - The Cinnamon oil which is made by steam distilling the leaves of the Cinnamon Tree or Cinnamon Bark is heavily used in food processing, fine perfumes, aroma therapy, medication (especially Asian medication), disinfectants. Learn how to use Cinnamon oil here.
TYPES OF CINNAMON
There are hundreds of types of Cinnamon. But only 4 varieties are used for commercial purposes. The chart on the right shows these 4 main varieties and their other names.
The main variety is Cassia Cinnamon which is mainly used in the USA and Canada. The second most popular variety is Ceylon Cinnamon which is primarily used in Europe, Mexico and many parts of Asia.. The other varieties like Saigon Cinnamon and Korintje Cinnamon are a distant 3rd and 4th and account for less than 10% of world wide consumption.
WHICH CINNAMON IS BEST
It all depends on how you use it. Cassia Cinnamon is popular in the United States because it has an overt Cinnamon taste, its cheap and quite spicy. It works great for recipes that need a definite Cinnamon taste. It also has high levels of Coumarin (5%) which thins your blood. This is great if you want to loose weight and boost your metabolism but Coumarin causes liver damage if taken in excess.
Ceylon Cinnamon which has about 30% of the US market is fast gaining popularity for health reasons. It has low Coumarin levels (0.04%) and tends to be sweeter (with zero sugar).
As many diabetic patients and others have started to take Cinnamon on a daily basis they have switched to Ceylon Cinnamon. Because Ceylon Cinnamon is very mild yet sweeter and more fragrant it is used to create very multi layered complex flavors, often savory or sweet flavors.
WHERE IS CINNAMON GROWN
Indonesia (70%) , China and Vietnam are the chief suppliers of Cassia Cinnamon while Sri Lanka a tiny Island off the coast India supplies nearly 90% of Ceylon Cinnamon.
HOW IS CINNAMON MADE
The cassia Cinnamon is made by cutting the outer 1/16th of an inch layer of the Cinnamon tree trunk. Cinnamon tree is composed of one thick trunk. Because Cassia Cinnamon tends to be harvested when the tree is about 20 years old, the outer bark tends to be pretty thick. The rough grey skin is scraped off with a scraper. Then it is dried. As it dries it curls. Because the Cassia Bark is very thick, only one piece of bark is used for rolling into a stick. Click here to see how it is made.
Ceylon Cinnamon sticks are made by first cutting the thin branches of the Cinnamon Tree. The branches actually shoot up straight from the base of the tree like a bush. The branches are cut right down to the stump which then regrows in 3-6 years. Then the branches are soaked in water to soften the outer bark. If it rains during the cutting process then there is no need to soak the branches.
Then the outer bark and knots are scraped away to reveal a soft inner bark which is then peeled in almost paper thin layers. These are then dried. As it dries these thin slivers of bark curl up. After it is dried multiple layers of the thin bark are rolled into a cigar like stick. Click here for details on how it is made. It is soft, crumbly and easy to break into smaller pieces. However this labor intensive method of processing makes Ceylon Cinnamon much more expensive.
FOUR MAIN TYPES OF CINNAMON
Ceylon Cinnamon, True Cinnamon,
Korintje Cinnamon, Padang Cassia, Indonesian cinnamon,
Sri Lanka (90%), India, Madagascar, Brazil and the Caribbean
32 - 49 ft.
Light to medium reddish brown
Dark reddish brown
Ultra Low Coumarin levels, Softer and subtle taste,
Spicy Cinnamon flavor
Expensive, Cannot be used for Christmas decorations